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Friedrich "Frederick" Gaukel 

Friedrich "Frederick" Gaukel[1]

Male 1784 - 1853

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  • Birth  9 Jun 1784  , Wuerttemberg, Germany Find all individuals with events at this location  [2, 3, 4, 5
    Gender  Male 
    Birth  CALC 7 Jun 1785  [5
    Land  Bef 1831  Waterloo Township - German Company Tract Lot 005S, Waterloo County, Ontario Find all individuals with events at this location  [6
    Occupation  1836  Waterloo Twp., Waterloo Region, Ontario Find all individuals with events at this location  [7
    innkeeper 
    Occupation  1840  Kitchener, Waterloo Region, Ontario Find all individuals with events at this location  [8
    Occupation  1851  Kitchener, Waterloo Region, Ontario Find all individuals with events at this location  [9
    innkeeper 
    Occupation  1852  Waterloo Twp., Waterloo Region, Ontario Find all individuals with events at this location  [10
    innkeeper 
    Probate  1853  Wilmot Twp., Waterloo Region, Ontario Find all individuals with events at this location  [11
    Died  8 Nov 1853  Kitchener, Waterloo Region, Ontario Find all individuals with events at this location  [2, 4, 5, 12
    Cause: dropsy 
    Hall of Fame - Waterloo Region  Bef 2012  , Waterloo Region, Ontario Find all individuals with events at this location  [13
    Name  Frederick Gaukel 
    Religion  Lutheran 
    Eby ID Number  Waterloo-34480 
    Buried  First Mennonite Cemetery, Kitchener, Waterloo Region, Ontario Find all individuals with events at this location  [2, 4
    Person ID  I34480  Generations
    Last Modified  24 Oct 2017 

    Family 1  Polly Kaufman,   b. Abt 1790, Of, Pennsylvania Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Abt 1827, , Waterloo Region, Ontario Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Children 
     1. Nancy Gaukel,   b. Abt 1810, , Pennsylvania Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Yes, date unknown
     2. Heinrich Gaukel,   b. 30 Nov 1813, , Pennsylvania Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 4 Aug 1834
     3. Emanuel Gaukel,   b. 21 Feb 1815, , Pennsylvania Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 14 Oct 1895
     4. Elisabeth Gaukel,   b. 17 Jan 1818, , Pennsylvania Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 24 Oct 1879
     5. George Gaukel,   b. 6 Sep 1819, , Pennsylvania Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 23 Jan 1855, Kitchener, Waterloo Region, Ontario Find all individuals with events at this location
     6. Levi Gaukel,   b. 22 Sep 1823, Kitchener, Waterloo Region, Ontario Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Bef 1871
     7. Susannah Gaukel,   b. 18 Sep 1824, Kitchener, Waterloo Region, Ontario Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 12 May 1873, Kitchener, Waterloo Region, Ontario Find all individuals with events at this location
    Family ID  F11663  Group Sheet

    Family 2  Maria Roschang,   b. 11 Nov 1800, Of, Pennsylvania Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 4 Aug 1834, Kitchener, Waterloo Region, Ontario Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Children 
     1. Jacob Gaukel,   b. 29 Oct 1832, , Ontario Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Yes, date unknown
    Family ID  F11747  Group Sheet

    Family 3  Dorothea Weismiller,   b. CALC 23 Apr 1787, , Germany Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 25 Jun 1872, Kitchener, Waterloo Region, Ontario Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Family ID  F20633  Group Sheet

  • Photos
    Friedrich Gaukel
    Friedrich Gaukel
    Friedrich Gaukel
    Friedrich Gaukel

  • Notes 
    • GAUKEL, FRIEDRICH (Frederick), farmer and businessman; b. 7 June 1785 in Württemberg (Federal Republic of Germany); m. first c. 1813 Polly Kaufman (d. 1827), and they had four sons and three daughters; m. secondly Maria Roschang (d. 1834 of cholera); m. thirdly Dorothea Weikmillar; d. 8 Nov. 1853 in Berlin (Kitchener), Upper Canada.

      Friedrich Gaukel's name appears among those of the German immigrants who arrived at Philadelphia from Holland aboard the Rebecca on 27 Aug. 1804. Along with other Württemberg natives, he may have been attracted to America by the publicity attending the exodus to Pennsylvania at this time of members of the charismatic sect led by the German lay preacher and weaver John George Rapp. According to a short biography published by Gaukel's grandson Jacob Stroh, he served for his passage money as a redemptioner on a farm near Philadelphia. He continued farming after his release from the indenture and by 1815 lived near Johnstown, Pa.

      About 1820 Gaukel, a Lutheran, heard of the Mennonite migration from Pennsylvania to Upper Canada and decided to move there. After a trip of four weeks he arrived with his family in Waterloo Township, where he worked in a distillery until he bought a small farm near Bridgeport (Kitchener) and began operating a distillery of his own. After 1826 increasing numbers of Germans arrived in the region directly from Europe and settled largely in four townships: Wilmot, Waterloo, Woolwich, and Wellesley. Thus when the settlement of Ebytown began to expand, Germans, as well as Mennonites, were prominent in its development as a commercial centre. On 2 Nov. 1833 Gaukel purchased property there from Joseph Schneider* and from Benjamin Eby and moved into the settlement. The deeds for these transactions are the first on record referring to the community as Berlin.

      Gaukel operated a tavern while awaiting the completion of a larger building which would meet the demands of the growing village. A public-spirited member of the community, he subscribed to the establishment of Heinrich Wilhelm Peterson's newspaper Canada Museum, und Allgemeine Zeitung in 1835, the year in which Gaukel's Inn (later known as the Commercial Hotel) opened to the public. For many years Gaukel and his third wife, also a native of Württemberg, hosted, in addition to the inn's daily commercial activities, various civic and political meetings, markets, and other public gatherings in this predominantly German-speaking community. The wide veranda of the inn was a favourite tribune for political candidates who addressed the citizenry assembled in the street.

      In 1841 and 1846 Gaukel acquired additional property and as one of Berlin's leading landowners he took an active interest in its municipal development. He donated the land on which Waterloo Township Hall was built in 1848- 49. Together with his friend Joseph Schneider and other early citizens, he had campaigned for the organization of Waterloo County, which took place in 1850, and he was much involved in promoting Berlin's selection as county seat in 1852. He provided land that year for the construction of a county court-house. In recognition of Gaukel's contributions, a grateful community named two of its early streets after him.1a

      Klaus Wust

      AO, RG 22, ser.214, Friedrich Gaukel. Kitchener Public Library (Kitchener, Ont.), "Gaukel family notes" (typescript). PAC, RG 31, A1, 1851, Waterloo Township, pt.4: 178. Waterloo North Land Registry Office (Kitchener), Abstract index to deeds, Berlin (mfm. at AO, GS 2958); Waterloo Township (mfm. at AO, GS 3023, GS 3027). Der Deutsche Canadier (Berlin [Kitchener]), 10 Nov. 1853. R. B. Strassburger, Pennsylvania German pioneers: a publication of the original lists of arrivals in the port of Philadelphia from 1727 to 1808, ed. W. J. Hinke (3v., Norristown, Pa., 1934), 3: 147. Gottlieb Leibbrandt, Little paradise: the saga of the German Canadians of Waterloo County, Ontario, 1800'96 1975 (Kitchener, 1980), 36, 38'96 51. Bill Moyer, Kitchener: yesterday revisited; an illustrated history (Burlington, Ont., 1979), 19'96 21, 27. W. V. Uttley, A history of Kitchener, Ontario (Kitchener, 1937; repr. [Waterloo, Ont., 1975]), 35, 37'96 38, 40'96 41, 71, 80, 83, 85, 88. Jacob Stroh, "Frederick Gaukel," Waterloo Hist. Soc., Annual report, 1928: 86'96 87; "Reminiscences of Berlin (now Kitchener)," Waterloo Hist. Soc., Annual report, 1930: 175'96 207; 1931: 274'96 84.1a

      1aDictionary of Canadian Biography Online 2000 University of Toronto/Université Laval

      __________________

      In 1800 Frederick Gaukel of Wurtemberg, Germany, arrived at Amsterdam too late to join a whaling expedition to the Arctic. Finding a sailing vessel going to Philadelphia, he allowed himself to be sold under the hammer to the highest bidder for a service period of three years, to pay for the voyage across the ocean. Eventually he was sold to a farmer.

      Gaukel immigrated to Canada, arriving at Preston where he worked in a distillery. Later he moved to a small farm near Bridgeport and erected a log cabin and barn and a small distillery. In 1819 he moved to Berlin and in 1833 started Gaukel's Tavern, later the site of the Walper House.

      Gaukel was a civic-minded citizen and donated the property bounded by Queen, Weber and Frederick Streets on which the 1852 County Building was erected. This building was demolished when the present County Building was erected in 1965. Two of Kitchener's streets, Frederick and Gaukel, bear his name.2a

      2aWaterloo Region Hall of Fame

      ____________________

      A-1-20 Frederick Gaukel
      : Last Will and Testament of Frederick Gaukel, of Berlin, Translated from the Original written in German.

      …I, Frederick Gaukel, Tavern Keeper in Berlin, being, thanks be to God, in full possession of my powers of mind, do hereby appoint my last Will and Testament, in manner following. …My beloved wife Dorothee, a born Weismiller, shall of the loose goods and chattels left by me receive one cow according to her choice, two made up beds with bedsteads, one bureau, one house clock and necessary kitchen utensils. My Executors, shall directly after my demise, build for my beloved wife Dorothee, on the North side at the righthand of King Street, at Abraham Weber's Fence, a one story frame house with room, chamber, kitchen and cellar, twenty by twenty four feet wide, with a proper stable thereto, with one half an acre of land thereto, whereof she is to have quiet and peaceable possession as long as she lives. After her heath it shall be sold and the half part of the proceeds shall fall to the Relations and friends of my said widow, and the other half shall be divided amongst all my children in equal proportions. All my remaining momoveable and immovable, real and loose property, goods and chattels, shall by my hereinafter named Executors, after previous three times repeated public advertisement, be sold by Public Auction to the highest bidder…My son George shall receive two hundred dollars more, which are to be taken out of the portion of my daughter Elizabeth, a married Ahrens. For Executors of this my last Will and Testament I chose nominate and appoint hereby, my son Levi, butcher in Berlin, Waterloo Township, and my son-in-law Henry Stroh of Berlin, Waterloo Township, Shoemaker…

      Witnesses George Seip and Paul Schmitt
      Will date 10 January 1849
      Proved and Insinuated 15 November 1853
      No inventory amount
      Died 8 November 1853
      Translated by Christian. Enslin, N.P.3a

      3aWills of Waterloo County Register A 1853-1871, transcribed by Frances Hoffman

      ____________________________

      Shortly after the arrival of Mr. Hailer, Frederick Gaukel bought the Varnum tavern site. He was native in Wuertemberg, and first had owned a distillery and farm at Bridgeport. On November 2, 1833, he bought lots that lay from near the Walper House corner up to Ontario Street from Joseph Schneider. Mr. Gaukel bought also a block of land on the north side of King Street, between Queen and Ontario Streets, from Bishop Eby, and a small triangle on the corner of King and. Ontario Streets, to complete the Block, from Joseph Schneider.

      Bishop Eby, accompanied by Joseph Schneider, named the Dorf, Berlin. The date is uncertain, but Mr. Hailer's deed of May. 1833, describes Six acre as being in Waterloo Township; whilst Mr. Gaukel's deed of November 2, 1833, says his purchase lay in Berlin The assumption is that the place was named Berlin in the summer of 1833.

      Mr. Gaukel built a large frame hotel near the Walser House corner in 1835. It had stables in the rear and a driving-shed on the Bank of Montreal corner. At Gaukel's, a meal was Sold far fifteen cents and a glass of beer for three cents. There the householders of Berlin and the Township paid their taxes, and there they nominated candidates for the Wellington District Council.
      Afterward Mr. Gaukel bought additional lands in West King Street, up to Gaukel Street, which was named for him. He bought also a strip in Schneider's Road, bordering the Walper corner, from Joseph E. Schneider; and lands in East Weber Street, including the courthouse site.4a

      4a
      A History of Kitchener, W. V. (Ben) Uttley, Kitchener, Ontario 1937, pg 35-6

  • Sources 
    1. [S6] Church Records - ON, Waterloo - Bindeman, F. W. - Card Index Kitchener Public Library, pg 4.
      Elisabeth Gaukel daughter of Friedrich and Maria (nee) Kaufmann, sponsors Peter Knechtel and Henry Roch

    2. [S6] Church Records - ON, Waterloo - Bindeman, F. W. - Card Index Kitchener Public Library, #48 pg 163.
      Friederich Gaukel in Berlin, died 8 Nov 1853, aged 69 y, 4m, 29d, buried Ben Eby's

    3. [S131] Census - ON, Waterloo, Waterloo Twp. - 1851, Div 4 Pg 1.
      Friderik GAUKEL Inn Keeper Germany 67 Lutheran b. 9-Jun
      Thoroda GAUKEL Germany 63 Lutheran b. 23-Apr
      George GAUKEL Inn Keeper USA 32 Lutheran b. 6-Sep
      Jacob GAUKEL Labourer Canada 20 Lutheran b. 29-Oct
      Friderik WENDOLIN Labourer Germany 37 Roman Catholic b. 2-Feb
      Isabella TYSON Canada 14 Lutheran b. 24-Jul
      Jacob GEIGER Mason Germany 26 Lutheran b. 9-Mar
      Victor HOOFSTETER Labourer Germany 38 Roman Catholic b. 12-Mar

    4. [S47] Cemetery - ON, Waterloo, Kitchener - First Mennonite CC#4507 Internet link First Mennonite Cemetery online.
      Friedrich Gaukel / einer der ersten ansiedler der / Stadt / starb. den 8 November 1853 / im alter von 68 Jahre 5 M. / und 1 Tag

    5. [S244] News - ON, Waterloo, Kitchener - Deutsche Canadier (1841-1865), 10 Nov 1853 Page 45.
      Friederich Gaukel Died 8 Nov 1853 At 6 a.m. of dropsy. 68y, 5m, 1d One of the first settlers of the city.

    6. [S1322] Land - Founding Families of Waterloo Township 1800-1830, 26..

    7. [S6] Church Records - ON, Waterloo - Bindeman, F. W. - Card Index Kitchener Public Library.
      Henry Killer, labourer of Waterloo Twp. married 13 Nov 1836 in Berlin by banns to Cathrine Mellan of Waterloo Twp. wit: John Nahrgang taylor of Waterloo Twp. & Fredrect Gaukel, tavern keeper of Waterloo Twp.

    8. [S9] News - ON, Waterloo, Kitchener - Canada Museum und Allgemeine Zeitung (1835-1840), 4 Sep 1840:17.
      last Tuesday Rev Bindemann m. Joh. Heinrich Stroh to Spr Susanna Gaukel, daughter of Friederich Gaukel, innkeeper, all from the city of Berlin.

    9. [S2070] Directory - Ontario Directory for 1851.

    10. [S131] Census - ON, Waterloo, Waterloo Twp. - 1851, Div 4 Pg 1.

    11. [S1737] Probate - Wills of Waterloo Register A 1853-1871, Will of Frederick Gaukel - A-1-20: 15 Nov 1853.

    12. [S7] News - ON, Waterloo, Kitchener - Berliner Journal (1859-1917), 27 Jun 1872.
      Dorothea Gaukel died 25 Jun 1872 in Berlin, widow, 85 yrs.

    13. [S220] Waterloo Region Hall of Fame Waterloo Region Hall of Fame.

  • Event Map
    Event
    Link to Google MapsBirth - 9 Jun 1784 - , Wuerttemberg, Germany Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsOccupation - innkeeper - 1836 - Waterloo Twp., Waterloo Region, Ontario Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsOccupation - 1840 - Kitchener, Waterloo Region, Ontario Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsOccupation - innkeeper - 1851 - Kitchener, Waterloo Region, Ontario Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsOccupation - innkeeper - 1852 - Waterloo Twp., Waterloo Region, Ontario Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsProbate - 1853 - Wilmot Twp., Waterloo Region, Ontario Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsDied - Cause: dropsy - 8 Nov 1853 - Kitchener, Waterloo Region, Ontario Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsHall of Fame - Waterloo Region - Bef 2012 - , Waterloo Region, Ontario Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsBuried - - First Mennonite Cemetery, Kitchener, Waterloo Region, Ontario Link to Google Earth
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