Waterloo Region Generations
A record of the people of Waterloo Region, Ontario.

Christian Enslin[1]

Male 1800 - 1856  (56 years)


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  • Name Christian Enslin 
    Born 14 Feb 1800  , Wuerttemberg, Germany Find all individuals with events at this location  [2, 3
    Gender Male 
    Interesting public service, politics, story, business 
    Rsrch. Note
    • https://www.biographi.ca/EN/ShowBio.asp?BioId=38021&query=berlin

      ENSLIN,
      CHRISTIAN (Emanuel Christian Gottlieb), bookbinder, newspaperman, notary, and office holder; b. 4 Feb. 1800 in Württemberg (Federal Republic of Germany); m. Julia '97, and they had one child; d. 29 March 1856 in Berlin (Kitchener), Upper Canada.
      Christian Enslin came from Württemberg to North America about 1830. One of the early German immigrants to the Waterloo area, he arrived in Berlin some time before 1833 with all his possessions in a carpet-bag. He first supported himself as a daily labourer, but soon began to practise his trade as a bookbinder, travelling from house to house until he could establish a small bindery. There he bound books for customers such as Bishop Benjamin Eby and Heinrich Wilhelm Peterson. Some time later Enslin expanded his business to include a bookstore, where he sold not only books but also patent medicines, eyeglasses, school supplies, and other specialized articles.
      In December 1837 Enslin began an active role in journalism, working for almost a year as the associate editor of Peterson's Canada Museum, und Allgemeine Zeitung. When Peterson decided to stop publishing it, Enslin and Heinrich Eby, a son of Bishop Eby and a former apprentice at the Canada Museum, purchased the newspaper plant from him in December 1840. A month later Peterson's two former employees founded Der Deutsche Canadier und Neuigkeitsbote. Following the demise in September 1841 of Der Morgenstern, a short-lived German weekly published in Waterloo, Enslin and Eby acquired a subscription list and perhaps also some equipment from its publisher Benjamin Burkholder. The sole German-language newspaper published in British North America from 1841 to 1848, the Deutsche Canadier was more successful than its first rival, the Morgenstern, and it continued in print until January 1865.
      Enslin, editor of the Deutsche Canadier from its first issue until he was succeeded by Johann Jakob Ernst in January 1850, proudly boasted that his reform journal was "a staunch advocate of Responsible and Constitutional Government." The paper did not publish much local news, but it did support instruction in German in county schools. Enslin concentrated instead on reports of political unrest in Europe and reprinted literary extracts from various continental journals. Despite its popularity the Deutsche Canadier was never free from the threat of bankruptcy. With tongue in cheek Enslin warned his readers early in 1844 that, "inasmuch as the end of the world is to come on the 22nd of March, according to Miller's prophecy, we respectfully request all our readers who are in arrears with their subscriptions to call and settle at once, otherwise it will go hard with them on Judgment Day."
      Enslin, a convert to the religious views of Emanuel Swedenborg, was instrumental in the formation of a Swedenborgian congregation in Berlin, later known as the Church of the New Jerusalem or the New Church. For some time before the cooperative Free Church, which was used by a number of denominations, was opened on 25 Dec. 1842, Enslin's group met for services in his orchard in the summer and in his bindery in the winter. A circulating library of religious books, most of which were Swedenborgian, operated out of his bookstore under the auspices of the New Church Society of Berlin. Enslin was also one of the organizers of the second Mennonite Sunday school in the county, established in April 1841.
      During his career Enslin held a number of civic offices. As a bilingual notary he assisted many German farmers in their land transactions and, according to an obituary in the Berlin Chronicle and Provincial Reformers' Gazette, "he wrote more public documents than any other man in Canada." He was appointed commissioner to the Court of Queen's Bench, responsible for taking affidavits for use in local court sessions, and from 1853 to 1855 he served as the first clerk of the Surrogate Court in Waterloo County. He became the second treasurer of the county a few months before his death from consumption on 29 March 1856.


      AO, RG 1, A-I-6: 23046'9648; RG 22, ser.155, will of Christian Enslin. PAC, RG 31, A1, 1851, Waterloo Township, pt.4: 180'9681. New Jerusalem Magazine (Boston), 28 (1856): 623'9624. Berlin Chronicle and Provincial Reformers' Gazette (Berlin [Kitchener, Ont.]), 2 April 1856. Canada Museum, und Allgemeine Zeitung (Berlin). Der Deutsche Canadier und Neuigkeitsbote (Berlin), 1 Jan. 1841'96December 1849. Der Morgenstern (Waterloo, [Ont.]), 8 June 1839'9616 Sept. 1841. M. B. Block, The New Church in the new world: a study of Swedenborgianism in America (New York, 1932; repr. 1968). A. E. Byerly, The beginning of things in Wellington and Waterloo counties . . . (Guelph, Ont., 1935). H. K. Kalbfleisch, The history of the pioneer German language press of Ontario, Canada, 1835'961918 (London, Ont., and Münster, German Federal Republic, 1968). Gottlieb Leibbrant, Little paradise: the saga of the German Canadians of Waterloo County, Ontario, 1800'961975 (Kitchener, 1980). W. V. Uttley, A history of Kitchener, Ontario (Kitchener, 1937; repr. [Waterloo, 1975]).
      The Waterloo Hist. Soc. (Waterloo) has published a number of articles relating to Christian Enslin's life in its Annual report, including: Salome Bauman, "First Mennonite Church, 1813-1963," 1963: 19-26; Michael Bird, "The Swedenborgian community in Waterloo County: two religious approaches to culture," 1975: 69-74; W. H. Breithaupt, "[Address at the dedication of the Waterloo County Pioneers' Memorial Tower, 28 Aug. 1926]," 1926: 220-25, "Some German settlers of Waterloo County," 1913: 11-15, and "Waterloo County newspapers," 1921: 152-60; A. E. Byerly, "Henry William Peterson," 1931: 250-62; D. Johnson, "The Church of the Good Shepherd," 1943: 39-43; D. N. Panabaker, "President's report," 1932: 298-308; and Jacob Stroh, "Reminiscences of Berlin (now Kitchener)," 1930: 175-207; 1931: 274-84.
      A brief account of Enslin's life was published a few years after his death in "Minutes of the meeting of the Association of the New Church in Canada," New Jerusalem Magazine, 36 (1864): 210-11
    Website
    Name Emanuel Christian Gottlieb Enslin 
    Occupation 1840  Kitchener, Waterloo Region, Ontario, Canada Find all individuals with events at this location  [3
    newspaper editor 
    Occupation 1851  Kitchener, Waterloo Region, Ontario, Canada Find all individuals with events at this location  [4
    bookseller, stationer and notary public 
    Occupation 1852  Waterloo Twp., Waterloo Region, Ontario, Canada Find all individuals with events at this location  [5
    book binder 
    Occupation 1856  Kitchener, Waterloo Region, Ontario, Canada Find all individuals with events at this location  [6
    Notary Public 
    Occupation 1856  Kitchener, Waterloo Region, Ontario, Canada Find all individuals with events at this location  [3
    Treasurer of the County of Waterloo 
    Eby ID Number Waterloo-26686 
    Died 29 Mar 1856  Kitchener, Waterloo Region, Ontario, Canada Find all individuals with events at this location  [6, 7
    Person ID I26686  Generations
    Last Modified 17 Feb 2020 

    Family Julie Fischer,   b. 5 Jun 1812, , Germany Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Yes, date unknown 
    Married 7 Oct 1851  Preston (Cambridge), Waterloo Region, Ontario, Canada Find all individuals with events at this location  [8
    Children 
     1. Johanna Augusta Enslin,   b. 7 Nov 1852, of, Waterloo Region, Ontario, Canada Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Yes, date unknown
    Last Modified 17 Feb 2020 
    Family ID F6981  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Notes 
    • Berlin Chronicle 2 April 1856

      At Berlin, on Saturday night, the 29th inst., Christian Enslin, Esq., Treasurer of the County of Waterloo, aged 56 years. The deceased was a native of Wuertemberg, Germany, and came to Canada about the year 1834,- a carpet-bag then constituting all his worldly goods. He first engaged as a daily laborer, but shortly followed his trade as book-binder, in many instances travelling from house to house in the prosecution of his business.

      In 1840 the German Canadian was established by the late Henry Eby, and Mr. Enslin became its Editor, and conducted that paper successfully for the succeeding ten years. Mr Enslin was admirably adapted for his pursuit and his writings were well received by the public,being distinguished by a kind and conciliatory spirit, yet as firm, convincing and patriotic as amiable and just. When he retired from his charge of the Canadian, he carried with him the respect and affection of all who had become acquainted with his feelings and principles as reflected weekly in the columns of his newspaper. He subsequently carried on his trade and added to it the Bookselling business, at the same engaging assiduously in the labor of conveyancing, during which time it is believed that he wrote more public documents than any other man in Canada. By earnest attention to his business, unceasing industry, sterling honesty and wholesome frugality, he gradually won his way up to comparative independence, and when called upon to close his eyes upon all material things, he was entering more and more energetically than ever into useful public life.

      As a man, Mr. Enslin will be long remembered by his many sorrowing friends for his amiability, his many virtues, and his great usefullness to the community in which he lived.

      As a public servant, Mr. Enslin had few equals. His unswerving honesty and untiring energy with his kindly disposition rendered him a great favorite, and by his premature decease a blank has been left in the public life of Waterloo, which may be filled again but never with more credit to the occupant or profit to the public.

      For a few weeks before his decease, Mr. Enslin had been laboring under the sufferings which usually accompany his disease-consumption. He was patient and kind to the last, and left the world in the firm hope of a blessed immortality.

      His remains were followed to the Grave on Tuesday by a large concourse of friends, among whom were his brother and officers of the county and members of the County Council.

      The Revd. Mr. Whitaker took advantage of the event to preach an able and affecting discourse to the Congregation of which Mr. Enslin was a member.

      Berlin Chronicle 2 Apr 1856

      _______________________________

      Church of the Good Shepherd

      The congregation began meeting in various locations as early as 1833, with Christian Enslin as leader. A small frame church was built on Frederick Street in 1842, and was called The Free Church; the congregations of four denominations held services in it. The seating space in the Free Church became insufficient for the growing Swedenborgian congregation with the result that land on the northwest corner of Church and Benton Streets was purchased in 1847 from Joseph E. Schneider. A frame church with a seating capacity of 150 was built in the same year; the church was called the New Church (Uttley 1937: 64). Several decades later a larger church was again needed. Land was purchased on the northeast corner of King and Water Streets where a new stone church was built and completed in 1870. The old church was sold to the congregation of St. John's Evangelical Lutheran Church.

      Serious differences resulted in a formal split in the Berlin Swedenborgian congregation on September 18, 1891. One group, the predecessor of this congregation, whose pastor was Rev. F.W. Tuerk (June 1857-July 3, 1901), continued to worship in the stone church. The other group, eventually to be known as the Carmel Church of the New Jerusalem, built their church in 1892 at 820 King Street West; their pastor was Rev. F.E. Waelchli. In 1935 the congregation purchased land on the corner of Queen Street North and Margaret Avenue as the site for a new church. The Church of the Good Shepherd is a Convention Church of the New Jerusalem.

      Waterloo County Churches A Research Guide To Churches Established Before 1900 By Rosemary Ambrose

      ____________________________

      ENSLIN, CHRISTIAN (Emanuel Christian Gottlieb), bookbinder, newspaperman, notary, and office holder; b. 4 Feb. 1800 in Württemberg (Federal Republic of Germany); m. Julia -, and they had one child; d. 29 March 1856 in Berlin (Kitchener), Upper Canada.

      Christian Enslin came from Württemberg to North America about 1830. One of the early German immigrants to the Waterloo area, he arrived in Berlin some time before 1833 with all his possessions in a carpet-bag. He first supported himself as a daily labourer, but soon began to practise his trade as a bookbinder, travelling from house to house until he could establish a small bindery. There he bound books for customers such as Bishop Benjamin Eby and Heinrich Wilhelm Peterson. Some time later Enslin expanded his business to include a bookstore, where he sold not only books but also patent medicines, eyeglasses, school supplies, and other specialized articles.

      In December 1837 Enslin began an active role in journalism, working for almost a year as the associate editor of Peterson's Canada Museum, und Allgemeine Zeitung. When Peterson decided to stop publishing it, Enslin and Heinrich Eby, a son of Bishop Eby and a former apprentice at the Canada Museum, purchased the newspaper plant from him in December 1840. A month later Peterson's two former employees founded Der Deutsche Canadier und Neuigkeitsbote. Following the demise in September 1841 of Der Morgenstern, a short-lived German weekly published in Waterloo, Enslin and Eby acquired a subscription list and perhaps also some equipment from its publisher Benjamin Burkholder. The sole German-language newspaper published in British North America from 1841 to 1848, the Deutsche Canadier was more successful than its first rival, the Morgenstern, and it continued in print until January 1865.

      Enslin, editor of the Deutsche Canadier from its first issue until he was succeeded by Johann Jakob Ernst in January 1850, proudly boasted that his reform journal was "a staunch advocate of Responsible and Constitutional Government." The paper did not publish much local news, but it did support instruction in German in county schools. Enslin concentrated instead on reports of political unrest in Europe and reprinted literary extracts from various continental journals. Despite its popularity the Deutsche Canadier was never free from the threat of bankruptcy. With tongue in cheek Enslin warned his readers early in 1844 that, "inasmuch as the end of the world is to come on the 22nd of March, according to Miller's prophecy, we respectfully request all our readers who are in arrears with their subscriptions to call and settle at once, otherwise it will go hard with them on Judgment Day."

      Enslin, a convert to the religious views of Emanuel Swedenborg, was instrumental in the formation of a Swedenborgian congregation in Berlin, later known as the Church of the New Jerusalem or the New Church. For some time before the cooperative Free Church, which was used by a number of denominations, was opened on 25 Dec. 1842, Enslin's group met for services in his orchard in the summer and in his bindery in the winter. A circulating library of religious books, most of which were Swedenborgian, operated out of his bookstore under the auspices of the New Church Society of Berlin. Enslin was also one of the organizers of the second Mennonite Sunday school in the county, established in April 1841.
      During his career Enslin held a number of civic offices. As a bilingual notary he assisted many German farmers in their land transactions and, according to an obituary in the Berlin Chronicle and Provincial Reformers' Gazette, "he wrote more public documents than any other man in Canada." He was appointed commissioner to the Court of Queen's Bench, responsible for taking affidavits for use in local court sessions, and from 1853 to 1855 he served as the first clerk of the Surrogate Court in Waterloo County. He became the second treasurer of the county a few months before his death from consumption on 29 March 1856.

      Tom Eadie

      AO, RG 1, A-I-6: 23046-48; RG 22, ser.155, will of Christian Enslin. PAC, RG 31, A1, 1851, Waterloo Township, pt.4: 180-81. New Jerusalem Magazine (Boston), 28 (1856): 623-24. Berlin Chronicle and Provincial Reformers' Gazette (Berlin [Kitchener, Ont.]), 2 April 1856. Canada Museum, und Allgemeine Zeitung (Berlin). Der Deutsche Canadier und Neuigkeitsbote (Berlin), 1 Jan. 1841-December 1849. Der Morgenstern (Waterloo, [Ont.]), 8 June 1839-16 Sept. 1841. M. B. Block, The New Church in the new world: a study of Swedenborgianism in America (New York, 1932; repr. 1968). A. E. Byerly, The beginning of things in Wellington and Waterloo counties . . . (Guelph, Ont., 1935). H. K. Kalbfleisch, The history of the pioneer German language press of Ontario, Canada, 1835-1918 (London, Ont., and Münster, German Federal Republic, 1968). Gottlieb Leibbrant, Little paradise: the saga of the German Canadians of Waterloo County, Ontario, 1800-1975 (Kitchener, 1980). W. V. Uttley, A history of Kitchener, Ontario (Kitchener, 1937; repr. [Waterloo, 1975]).
      The Waterloo Hist. Soc. (Waterloo) has published a number of articles relating to Christian Enslin's life in its Annual report, including: Salome Bauman, "First Mennonite Church, 1813-1963," 1963: 19-26; Michael Bird, "The Swedenborgian community in Waterloo County: two religious approaches to culture," 1975: 69-74; W. H. Breithaupt, "[Address at the dedication of the Waterloo County Pioneers' Memorial Tower, 28 Aug. 1926]," 1926: 220-25, "Some German settlers of Waterloo County," 1913: 11-15, and "Waterloo County newspapers," 1921: 152-60; A. E. Byerly, "Henry William Peterson," 1931: 250-62; D. Johnson, "The Church of the Good Shepherd," 1943: 39-43; D. N. Panabaker, "President's report," 1932: 298-308; and Jacob Stroh, "Reminiscences of Berlin (now Kitchener)," 1930: 175-207; 1931: 274-84.
      A brief account of Enslin's life was published a few years after his death in "Minutes of the meeting of the Association of the New Church in Canada," New Jerusalem Magazine, 36 (1864): 210-11.3a

      3aDictionary of Canadian Biography Online www.biographi.ca

      ___________________________________

      A-1-106 Christian Enslin, Probate of the will of Christian Enslin, late of the town of Berlin, on petition of Julia Enslin, widow of the said Christian Enslin, the Executrix named in said will. (Charles Hendry and Henry Rothaermel, the Executors, having renounced.)

      I Christian Enslin, of the Town of Berlin, Notary Public…First I will and devise unto my beloved wife Julia, and my hereinafter named Executors in trust, all my real and personal property…I authorize to pay all my just debts and collect all my outstanding dues, it is my will that Lot number twelve, on the north side of King Street, in Berlin, now occupied by the Widow Harbin, be appropriated to and for the use and benefit of the society called the New Jerusalem Church, that is if my beloved wife and my Executors deem it proper, but should the residue of my estate not be sufficient comfortably to support my wife and child or children, should my wife be blessed with my hereafter, then the proceeds of said property to be appropriated to and for the support of my said wife and child or children. And I hereby nominate, constitute and appoint my beloved wife Julia Enslin, Executrix, and my friends Charles Hendry of Conestogo, in the Township of Woolwich, Merchant, and Henry Rothaemel of Berlin, Carpenter, Executors of this my last will and testament…And I also nominate and appoint my said Executors Charles Henry and Henry Rothaermel, Guardians for my child (or children in the event of my said wife being blessed with any hereafter.)

      Witnessed by A.J. Peterson and Charles Hendry
      Will Dated 10 March 1856
      Granted and Registered 8th Septembher 1856
      Died 29 March 1856
      Inventory £825/1/9.4a

      4aSurrogate Court Records Copybook Register A 1853-1871 transcript to 1863. Frances Hoffman transcriber

  • Sources 
    1. [S2] Church Records - ON, Waterloo, Kitchener - Church of the New Jerusalem (Swedenborgian), Vol 1 pg 7.
      List of Baptisms by Thomas Wilks 1855.

    2. [S131] Census - ON, Waterloo, Waterloo Twp. - 1851, Div 4 Pg 2.
      Christian ENSLIN Bookbinder Germany 52 SW b. 14-Feb
      July ENSLIN Germany 40 Lutheran b. 5-Jun

    3. [S14] News - ON, Waterloo, Kitchener - Berlin Chronicle (1856-1860), April 2, 1856.

    4. [S2070] Directory - Ontario Directory for 1851.

    5. [S131] Census - ON, Waterloo, Waterloo Twp. - 1851, Div 4 Pg 2.

    6. [S1737] Probate - Wills of Waterloo Register A 1853-1871, Will of Christian Enslin - 1856 - A-1-106.

    7. [S14] News - ON, Waterloo, Kitchener - Berlin Chronicle (1856-1860), April 2, 1856.
      "he wrote more public documents than any other man in Canada."

    8. [S13] Vit - - ON, Waterloo - Wellington District Marriage Register Part 1 1840-1852, by Rev. Jacob Hüttner, Minister of the Lutheran Church in the village of Preston, Twp. of Waterloo #210.
      Christian Enslin, To Julie Fischer, Both Of Berlin. 7 Oct. 1851. Rev. Huttner.

  • Event Map
    Link to Google MapsBorn - 14 Feb 1800 - , Wuerttemberg, Germany Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsOccupation - newspaper editor - 1840 - Kitchener, Waterloo Region, Ontario, Canada Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsOccupation - bookseller, stationer and notary public - 1851 - Kitchener, Waterloo Region, Ontario, Canada Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsMarried - 7 Oct 1851 - Preston (Cambridge), Waterloo Region, Ontario, Canada Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsOccupation - book binder - 1852 - Waterloo Twp., Waterloo Region, Ontario, Canada Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsOccupation - Notary Public - 1856 - Kitchener, Waterloo Region, Ontario, Canada Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsOccupation - Treasurer of the County of Waterloo - 1856 - Kitchener, Waterloo Region, Ontario, Canada Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsDied - 29 Mar 1856 - Kitchener, Waterloo Region, Ontario, Canada Link to Google Earth
     = Link to Google Earth